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including meaning

EN[ɪnˈkluːdɪŋ]
US
  • VerbBFincludeSGincludesPT, PPincludedSUF-ing
    1. present participle of include.
    2. Preposition
      1. Such as, among which; introducing one or more parts of the group or topic just mentioned.
        1. All this has led to an explosion of protest across China, including among a middle class that has discovered nimbyism.
        2. I have always argued that it is one that deserves a thorough-going policy review, which might come to all sorts of conclusions, including it is doing what the Government of the day wants it to.
    3. More Examples
      1. Used in the Middle of Sentence
        • Various compounds with siderophore activity, including pyoverdines-Fe-complex, desferricoprogen and salicylic acid, were found to stimulate the growth of difficult-to-culture strains [ …]
        • However, the study of Brody et al. did not include denicotinized mentholated cigarettes as a control.
        • The importance of Th2 cytokines, including IL-4, IL-10, and IL-13, in the regulation of the protumor functions of TAMs has also been demonstrated in human lung adenocarcinomas.
      2. Used in the Beginning of Sentence
        • Including a few fun details in large group introductions can be a great way to break the ice.
      3. Used in the Ending of Sentence
        • The devices were explanted postmortem or during an upgrade intervention, but also devices that were accidentally desterilized or were improperly sealed were included.

    Meaning of including for the defined word.

    Grammatically, this word "including" is a preposition. It's also a verb, more specifically, a verb form.
    • Part-of-Speech Hierarchy
      1. Prepositions
        • Verbs
          • Verb forms
            • Participles
              • Present participles
        Difficultness: Level 1
        12345678910
        Easy     ➨     Difficult
        Definiteness: Level 4
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        Definite    ➨     Versatile

        Other Vocabulary

        Look-Alike Words
        1. en encluding
        2. en includin'
        3. en inclouding
        4. en concluding
        5. en incusing
        2.352